Gazpacho, Spain’s most famous food
Top Eats – Southern Spain’s cold soup traditions are nutritional treats for springtime warm weather.

Try Spain’s best known dish, Gazpacho when you travel down south. A simple appetizer from Andalucia, it is a classic of Spanish cooking which is popular worldwide. It is truly refreshing and a healthy pick me up for the hot days of spring and summer, and can be made easily.  Start mashing those tomatoes now!


Read time: 10 min

Andalucian Cold Soups in a hot Climate

Spanish Cold soups have long been considered part of the menus in the Iberian peninsula due to the harsh summer climate, and have since ancient times been seen as an important way to hydrate as well as give nutrition to the body.  The precursor to Gazpacho, was created in the Roman era, where they crushed almonds to provide a refreshing drink that was soon combined with garlic, salt, water and bread to make what was the cold soup, Ajoblanco. Still favoured today in many southern Spanish restaurants, it led to the development of Gazpacho, Spain’s most famous food.

What is Gazpacho, Spain’s most Famous Food?

Gazpacho itself (believed to be developed from the Roman idea during the Moorish time here in the south which lasted 700 years), is more like a liquid salad with many vegetable ingredients (garlic, olive oil, onions, cucumbers, peppers..), It has many variations with some even including melon or cantaloupe, Some parts of northern Spain, even, when the days get cold, offer a heated version. The etymology of the word Gazpacho is said to possibly come from the Latin word, caspas, which means pieces of bread.

Are there other cold soups in Southern Spain?

Summer is ending in Spain and it will be sad to see no more soaring temperatures, however, there is one dish that won’t depart off my table soon, the satisfying Andalucian appetizer, Salmorejo, cousin to the popular soup, Gazpacho.

Gazpacho Spanish Favourite Summer Food
Gazpacho and other Spanish famous foods to try

Add to your Spanish cooking repertoire and include Salmorejo, you will not regret it. Salmorejo is creamy, rich and soul satisfying. Easy to make and a dish in its own right, it’s rigid list of ingredients never change.
All locally sourced of course, as Andalucia is still very agrarian, ripe skinned tomatoes, hunks of dense white bread, garlic, virgin olive oil and salt. 
Keep it simple, keep it fresh and you will never be disappointed with the result.

A bright orange in colour, it is much thicker than Gazpacho and is topped with shavings of Serrano ham and boiled egg.  In some Andalucian cities, like Antequera, tuna is added as a garnish to make it a filling dish called “porra”.

How are Gazpacho and Salmorejo different?

 Gazpacho has a much more tangy taste and is more liquid with the vegetables punctuating the texture. You can even have it offered to you in a glass, so drinkable is it. 

Salmorejo, owing to the main bread ingredient, can often be a filling meal in itself.

Salmorejo, is pure cream tomato puree and the garnish only adds to add interest to that delightful smoothness.

The ingredients of Spanish Gazpacho, Spain's most famous food
Spain's Best export, Olive Oil

There is a Spanish saying, “De gazpacho no hay empacho” meaning You can’t ever have too much gazpacho, or literally, “too much of a good thing”.

However once you taste Salmorejo,  you will rewrite this saying to include it.

Taste buds humming, here is an easy Spanish recipe for this delicious Andalucian soup experience of Salmorejo.

Easy recipe for Spain’s famous Cold Soup

4 slices thick day old white baguette bread – crusts removed

2 pounds ripe tomatoes (.900 kg)

4 cloves garlic, peeled and diced into quarters

½ cup quality virgin olive oil (142 ml)

4 tablespoons sherry vinegar (71 ml)


Garnishes for your cold Spanish soup

½ cup chopped Serrano ham

1 hard boiled egg – chopped up

Cold Soup Variations on Spain's famous food Gazpacho
Preparation of Andalucia’s famous cold soup, Salmorejo

Remove the crusts from the bread slices and soak in water until softened

Cut a small “x” on the bottom of each tomato, blanch them in boiling water and remove to an ice bath (skin should come off easily now).

Quarter tomatoes and place with chopped garlic in blender.  Drain bread, squeezing out excess water – add to blender.  Process until smooth, the resulting paste should be thick and blended well.  Blend in the sherry vinegar, season with salt.

Once mixed well, blend in olive oil a little at a time, refrigerate and garnish when serving.